Glossary

This glossary contains the words highlighted and explained in each of the posts and is regularly updated.

Appropriacy Communicating in a way that is appropriate to the situation and to the audience.  Factors may include level of formality, relationship between speakers or level of English.
Asynchronous Activity
Activity where participants are not expected to be online at the same time e.g. forum discussions or voice tools or wiki activities.  The advantage is that students have a bit more time to think before posting responses so these activities can be more reflective than synchronous activities.
Extrinsic motivation Motivation that comes from external factors i.e. the necessity to study in order to pass an exam.  It could mean studying English because it’s part of the compulsory coursework (not very motivating) or studying English to be able to work for a prestigious multinational company (very motivating)
Formative Assessment Assessment that is used to help the student learn.  Feedback plays a large part of this.
Graded Reader
A book which has been altered or condensed so that non native students of different levels (or grades) can read it.  Here are some titles from the CUP catalogue
Heuristic learning a process by which we learn by finding out the ‘truth’ for ourselves.  The teacher’s job is to guide the way but the student must discover the knowledge
Intelligibility The quality of being intelligible or understandable.  If someone’s English pronunciation is not perfect but others can understand what they are trying to say without undue effort, this is generally acceptable.
Intonation ‘It is the way a speaker changes the level of their voice to show meaning, i.e. the meaningful tune of a sentence or a group of words.’  Spratt et al ‘The TKT course’
Intrinsic motivation motivation that comes from within i.e. the desire to learn for the sake of learning.  In our context it means studying English in order to speak it well.
Process Writing
Writing activities that help students develop the skills involved in the process of writing, i.e. brainstorming, planning, drafting, editing, redrafting proofreading, redrafting again, instead of only focussing on emulating one example of the final written product.
Student Talk Time (STT)/Teacher Talk Time (TTT)
These terms refer to the amount of time Students and Teachers actually talk during a lesson.  In general, we aim to increase STT by doing pairwork and discussions in small groups and to reduce TTT to allow students more time to practice and develop skill rather than listen to explanations.
Summative Assessment Assessment that is used to gauge a learner’s level or ability at a given time
Synchronous Activity
(opposite: asynchronous activity) Activity where everyone is online at the same time e.g. Chat or Skype.  The advantage is that students can get quick fire responses to questions so they can be good for sorting out problems or to help the students get to know eachother better.  Classroom activity can also be described as synchronous as everyone is together at the same time unlike asynchronous activities
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3 thoughts on “Glossary

  1. Pingback: Reaching your learners | Teaching with Touchstone

  2. Pingback: Pronunciation | Teaching with Touchstone

  3. Pingback: Tricky wiki? | Teaching with Touchstone

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